Natural Resources Development & Waste Control System

We are trying our best to develop natural resources because local general public is destorying the same due to unplanned activities & effects is being started to come. It will be good if we educate to the general public to save Natural Resources that are more beneficial to live. In this program we are also trying to control westage. Waste Control is also equal to save resources for tomorrow.

In the face of growing fears that the Indian computer software industry is stealing American jobs, it is often forgotten that India is still a predominantly agrarian economy. According to India's 2001 census, more than 70 percent of the population lives in rural areas, and mostly in conditions of desperate poverty. The economy of these poor, rural households is intimately connected to the village natural resource base--its forests, grazing lands, and water resources. Whether households are able to make a living from agricultural income depends, in large part, on the amount of water available for irrigation. Similarly, the availability of fodder on village grazing lands affects the income that households derive from livestock rearing.

Given then the dual existence of high levels of poverty and dependence on local common resources, the question arises as to whether improved natural resources management can form the basis of poverty alleviation policies in rural India. We have set out to explore this and other dimensions of the relationship between poverty and the environment in rural India. Our focus--Madhya Pradesh--is the largest Indian state in size and is located in the center of the country. Its capital is Bhopal. We began our research by collecting household and village-level data from a random sample of households. We supplemented the data with remote-sensing information on forest and fodder biomass to construct a comprehensive data set that combines information on household income with information on the local natural resource base.

A key finding of our research contradicts conventional wisdom: dependence on natural resources does not decline with rising income, where dependence is defined as the share of total income that households derive from natural resources. Instead, dependence follows a U-shaped relationship with income, that is, dependence on natural resources first decreases and then increases with income.

Poverty and the Environment: Exploring the Relationship between Household Incomes, Private Assets, and Natural Assets


Previous studies have found that resource dependence strongly decreases with income. But our study finds a more complex relationship--contrary to common wisdom, rich households are just as dependent on natural resources as the poor, though the rich and the poor depend on different resources. This, in turn, implies that households in rural areas do not turn to the environment solely in times of desperation. And rich households, which tend to have a broader set of options to choose from to earn a livelihood, regard the forests and other resources as a profitable source of income.

Improving the quality of natural resources will have a lasting impact on reducing poverty. If dependence on resources did decrease with income--the conventional wisdom--then efforts to improve the village natural resource base would help the poorest of the poor immediately. However, as these households made their way out of poverty they would turn to sources of income other than those based on natural resources and would no longer benefit from efforts to improve their environment.

Improvements to the natural resources would, on the other hand, have a lasting impact on poverty if both the poor and the rich are dependent on these resources. Even as household incomes improve, households will continue to draw on natural resources to earn a living.

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